AskDefine | Define salad

Dictionary Definition

salad n : food mixtures either arranged on a plate or tossed and served with a moist dressing; usually consisting of or including greens

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

Sa*lad

Noun

  1. A food made primarily of a mixture of raw ingredients, typically vegetables, usually served with a dressing such as vinegar or mayonnaise.

Translations

a food made primarily of a mixture of raw ingredients, typically vegetables
  • Arabic:
  • Breton: saladenn
  • Bulgarian: салата
  • Chinese: 沙拉 (shālā), 生菜 (shēngcài)
  • Dutch: salade
  • Esperanto: salado
  • Finnish: salaatti
  • French: salade
  • German: Salat
  • Greek: τρώξιμα (tróksima) n/pl, σαλάτα (saláta)
  • Hungarian: saláta
  • Italian: insalata
  • Japanese: サラダ (sarada)
  • Korean: 샐러드 (saelleodeu)
  • Norwegian: salat
  • Polish: sałatka
  • Portuguese: salada
  • Russian: салат
  • Spanish: ensalada
  • Swedish: sallad

See also

Extensive Definition

Salad is a mixture of cold foods, usually including vegetables and/or fruits, often with a dressing, occasionally nuts or croutons, and sometimes with the addition of meat, fish, pasta, cheese, or whole grains. Salad is often served as an appetizer before a larger meal.
The word "salad" comes from the French salade of the same meaning, which in turn is from the Latin salata, "salty", from sal, "salt", (See also sauce, salsa, sausage).

Green salad

The "green salad" or "garden salad" is most often composed of some vegetables, built up on a base of leaf vegetables such as one or more lettuce varieties, spinach, or rocket (arugula) put together in a manner known as vegtabling. The salad leaves are cut or torn into bite-sized fragments and tossed together (called a tossed salad), or may be placed in a predetermined arrangement.
Other common vegetables in a green salad include cucumbers, peppers, mushrooms, onions, spring onions, red onions, avocado, carrots, celery, and radishes. Other ingredients such as tomatoes, pasta, olives, hard boiled egg, artichoke hearts, heart of palm, roasted red peppers, cooked potatoes, rice, sweetcorn, green beans, black beans, croutons, cheeses, meat (e.g. bacon, chicken), or fish (e.g. tuna, shrimp) are sometimes added to salads. In a restaurant, a small salad without meat is called a dinner salad. The entree salads may contain chicken, either grilled or fried chicken fingers on top of the salad, or seafood in the form of grilled or fried shrimp, or a fish steak, such as tuna, mahi-mahi, or salmon. Steak such as sirloin can be grilled and sliced and placed upon the salad.

Popular types of garden salads

Dressings

A green salad is often served with a dressing. Some examples include:
The concept of salad dressing varies across cultures. There are many commonly used salad dressings in North America. Traditional dressings in southern Europe are vinaigrettes, while mayonnaise is predominant in eastern European countries and Russia. In Denmark dressings are often based on crème fraîche. In China, where Western salad is a recent adoption from Western cuisine, the term salad dressing (沙拉酱, shalajiang) tends to refer to mayonnaise or mayonnaise-based dressings.
Many light edible oils are used as salad dressings, including olive oil, corn oil, soybean oil, safflower oil, etc.

Garnishes

There are various vegetables and other fare that are often added to garden salads. Some of them are: Again, individual taste usually governs the choice of salad garnishes.

Other types of salad

History

The diarist John Evelyn wrote a book on salads, Acetaria: A Discourse on Sallets (1699), that describes the new salad greens like "sellery" (celery), coming out of Italy and the Netherlands.

Largest salad

On September 29, 2007, Pulpí, in Almería (province), Spain tossed the world's largest salad, with 6,700 kilograms (14,740 pounds) of lettuce, tomato, onion, pepper and olives, supervised by 20 cooks over 3 hours. A Guinness World Records judge was present to confirm the new record. The salad was prepared in a container 18m (59ft) long and 4.8m (15.7ft) wide.

References

salad in Official Aramaic (700-300 BCE): ܙܠܛܐ
salad in Bulgarian: Салата
salad in Catalan: Amanida
salad in German: Salat (Gericht)
salad in Spanish: Ensalada
salad in Esperanto: Salato
salad in French: Salade (mets)
salad in Indonesian: Salad
salad in Italian: Insalata
salad in Hebrew: סלט
salad in Hungarian: Saláta (étel)
salad in Dutch: Salade
salad in Japanese: サラダ
salad in Polish: Sałatka
salad in Portuguese: Salada
salad in Russian: Салат (блюдо)
salad in Simple English: Salad
salad in Finnish: Salaatti
salad in Swedish: Sallad
salad in Turkish: Salata
salad in Ukrainian: Салат (страва)
salad in Contenese: 沙律
salad in Chinese: 沙律

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Caesar salad, Jell-O salad, Waldorf salad, all sorts, ambrosia, aspic, assemblage, assortment, brew, broad spectrum, chef salad, cole slaw, combination salad, conglomeration, crab Louis, fruit salad, gallimaufry, green salad, hash, herring salad, hodgepodge, hotchpot, hotchpotch, jumble, macaroni salad, magpie, mash, medley, melange, mess, mingle-mangle, miscellany, mishmash, mix, mixed bag, odds and ends, olio, olla podrida, omnium-gatherum, pasticcio, pastiche, patchwork, potato salad, potpourri, salade, salmagundi, sauce, scramble, slaw, stew, tossed salad, what you will
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